1×1 Rib Also 2×2 rib knit trim – The width of each rib is the same as the width between each rib. This helps the garment retain its elasticity.
2-Way Zipper – A zipper with two zipper pulls so that it can be unzipped from either direction
All-Weather Microfiber – 100% Polyester Microfiber with waterproof coating and fully taped seams. 100% waterproof.
Anti-Pill – A treatment applied to garments primarily to resist the formation of little balls on
the fabric’s surface due to abrasion during wear.
Argyle – Typically a diamond pattern woven into a garment.
Baby Pique – Very small pique knit. See Pique Knit.
Back Pleats – Tiny folds in the material on the back of a garment that allow for more room and comfort.
Back Yoke – A piece of fabric that connects the back of a garment to the shoulders. This allows the garment to lay flat and drape nicely.
Bartacked – Reinforced stitching; for example, the rivets used on the pockets of jeans.
Basket Weave (Hanes 044X) – Knit process of weaving yarns back and forth resulting in a two-tone appearance.
Birdseye Jacquard – A small geometric pattern with a center dot knit into the fabric.
Blanket Stitch – A decorative stitch used to finish an unhemmed blanket. The stitch can be seen on both sides of the blanket.
Bonded Fleece – Fleece with multiple layers bonded together to form a higher functioning garment.
Box Pleat A single, uniform fold in the center back of a garment to allow for more room and comfort.
Brushed Cotton – Cotton fabric that is brushed to remove all the excess lint and fibers from the fabric,
leaving an ultra soft, smooth finish.
Button-Through Sleeve Placket – A small placket located on the sleeve, by the cuff, which contains a single button closure.
Casual Microfiber – 100% Polyester Microfiber fabric that is water repellent and wind resistant.
Cavalry Twill – A type of Twill Weave (Pattern of the Twill).
Chambray – A dressier fabric woven with white threads across colored threads.
Collarette – The trim around the neck of a t-shirt or sweatshirt.
Combed Cotton – Cotton yarn that has been combed to remove short fibers and straighten or arrange longer fibers in parallel order.
Cool Mesh – Similar to a pique knit but with a more open texture for increased breathability. Features a soft hand for better comfort.
Cord Locks – A stopper or toggle on a drawcord that keeps the cord from retracting into the garment.
Coverseamed – A finish in which two needles are used to create parallel rows of visible stitching. It is used around the neck, arm holes, waistband, and wrists of garments to create a cleaner, more durable finish.
Denier – A density of the weave in a nylon or polyester product.
Double-Needle Stitched – A finish used on a sleeve and/or bottom hem that uses two needles to create parallel rows of visible stitching. It gives the garment a cleaner, more finished look and adds durability.
Dry-Fiber (PING) – A high activity sportswear fabric that absorbs, wicks and dries faster than average golfwear.
Duck Cloth – Tightly woven fabric that provides wind and snag resistance.
Dyed-To-Match – Describes buttons or trims that are the same color as the garment onto which they are sewn.
End-on-End – A 2-ply weave of different color yarns that run parallel against each other so that both colors are visible.
Enzyme Washed – A laundering process in which a catalytic substance is added to create a chemical change in the fabric resulting in a very soft finish, smoother appearing surface and reduced shrinkage.
Etched Tone Buttons – A more upscale horn tone button with an etched pattern.
Extended Tail – When the back portion of the garment is longer than the front. Assists in keeping the garment tucked in during normal activity.
Eyelets – Small holes or perforations made in a series to allow for breathability. Finished with either stitching or brass grommets.
Full Cut – Refers to a garment’s fit as being generous and roomy.
Garment Dyed – A dyeing process that occurs after the garment is assembled.
Garment Washed – A wash process where softeners are added to finished garments to help the cotton
fibers relax or bloom. The result is a fabric with a thicker appearance, reduced shrinkage and a softer
Herringbone – A chevron or zig-zag pattern, knit into fabric.
High Profile – A cap style with a high slope structured with buckram–a stiff fabric lining. Less fitted to the head.
Horn Tone Buttons – Buttons that appear to be manufactured from horn.
Houndstooth – A medium sized broken check effect that is knit into the fabric.
Interlock Knit – A fabric that has two plys knit simultaneously to form one thicker and heavier ply. It has more natural stretch than a jersey knit, a soft hand, and the same appearance and feel on both sides.
Jacquard Knit – A pattern knit directly into the fabric during the manufacturing process. Typically, 2 or
more colors are used.
Jersey Knit – Fabric has a definite smooth side, the outside, and a textured side, the inside.
Locker Loop – A looped piece of fabric in the neck of a garment for the convenience of hanging the garment on a hook. Can also be located at the center of the back yoke on the inside or outside of a garment.
Locker Patch – A semi-oval panel sewn into the inside back portion of a garment, just under the collar
seam, to reinforce the garment and minimize stretching when hung on a hook. The patch also
allows for the garment tag or label to be sewn below the neckline to help prevent irritation.
Low Profile – A cap style with a low slope that is more closely fitted to the head. Can be either structured or unstructured.
Matte Taslan – See Taslan but with a dull finish.
Melange – A mix of different colors of yarns knit together to create a heathered effect.
Mercerized – A product that has gone through a process to produce a smooth, lustrous hand.
Mesh – Similar to a pique knit, but with a more open texture for increased breathability. Larger knit than Cool Weave.
Micro-Stripe – An ultra-fine stripe that is knit into the fabric.
Microfiber Fabric – that is tightly woven from a very fine poly thread and has a sueded finish for a luxurious, soft feel. Microfiber fabric is naturally water repellent due to its construction process and when specially treated, can also be waterproof.
Mid Profile – A cap with a slope height in between that of a High Profile and Low Profile. It is most often structured with buckram.
Mother of Pearl Logo Buttons – Buttons made from Mother of Pearl, with a logo inscribed on them.
Nail Head Design – A jacquard knitting pattern in which the jacquard forms a design similar to small nail heads.
Nublend™ – The combination of a knitting and spinning process developed by JERZEES® for their blended fleece that helps prevent pilling.
Overdyed A process in which yarn dyed fabrics or piece dyed garments are put through an additional dye color to create unique colors.
Oxford – A type of fabric where the fibers are either cotton or blended man-made fibers.
Patch Pocket – A pocket attached to the outside of a garment.
Pearlized Buttons– Buttons that have a pearl-colored hue.
Pewter and Horn Tone Buttons – Buttons that incorporate pewter and horn tone, usually one encompasses the other.
Pewter Buttons – Buttons that have a dull, metallic hue.
Pigment Dyed – A type of dye used to create a distressed or washed look.
Pill Free® – A process developed by Lee® to help prevent pilling on fleece garments.
Pique Knit – A knitting method that creates a fine textured surface that appears similar to a birdsnest or waffle weave.
Placket – The part of a shirt or jacket where the garment fastens together.
Poly-fill A warm polyester lining found in the body or sleeves of outerwear garments. It has more loft
than a regular nylon lining.
Polynosic – Features similar characteristics to cotton and silk, has excellent luster and very little shrinkage.
Popcorn Pique (PING) – Alternating rows of 2 different pique knits; one knit is a baby pique, while the other is a larger pique that resembles small circles knit closely together.
Poplin – A tightly woven, durable, medium weight cotton or cotton blend fabric made using a rib variation of the plain weave which creates a slight ridge effect.
Print Pro™ – A knitting process developed by Hanes® for their fleece garments that creates a tighter knit for a better printing surface.
PVC – A polyurethane coating that is added to make garments water resistant.
R-Tek™ Fleece – 100% polyester fleece with an anti-pill finish whichprevents the formation of little balls on the surface of the fabric.
Raglan Sleeves – Sleeves set with a diagonal seam from the neck to the armpit.
Reverse Placket – See Placket, but reversed for women’s garments.
Rib Knit – A textured knit that has the appearance of vertical lines. It is highly elastic and retains “memory”.
Ring Spun Yarn – Yarn made by continuously twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The twisting
makes the short hairs of cotton stand out, resulting in a stronger yarn with a significantly softer hand.
Running Stitch – A stitch that is spaced equally, with the underside stitching being half the length of the external side.
Sandwashed – A washing process in which the fabric is washed with very fine lava rocks or rubber/silicon balls resulting in a softer fabric with a relaxed look and reduced shrinkage.
Sculpted Hem – A hem that is softly rounded for fashion detail.
Self-fabric Collar – A collar that is constructed from the same material as the body of the garment.
Self-fabric Sweatband – Refers to headwear where the sweatband is constructed with the same fabric as the crown.
Serge Stitch – An overcasting technique done on the cut edge of the fabric to prevent unraveling.
Side Vents – Slits found at the bottom of side seams. They are fashion details that allow for comfort and ease of movement.
Singles – A term used to indicate the diameter of a yarn; the smaller the number, the thicker the yarn.
Slash Pockets – A pocket that has to be entered through a slash on the outside of the garment. The
pocket pouch is suspended from and attached to the slash.
Stonewashed – A washing process in which the fabric or garment is heavily washed with lavarocks or
rubber/silicon balls. The result is a softer fabric with a distressed or weathered look and reduced shrinkage.
Storm Flap – A strip of fabric sewn under or over the front zip or snap closure of
an outerwear garment to protect against wind and moisture.
Structured – A cap style with a lined front consisting of buckram, a stiff fabric, that controls the slope of the cap.
Sueded Cotton – A fabric that goes through a brushing process to raise the nap and give the garment a soft hand.
Sueded Nylon – See Sueded Cotton.
Taped Seams – A strip of fabric sewn to the seam of a garment to prevent distortion. In outerwear, taped seams aid in waterproofing.
Taslan – Refers to how the fibers are woven and the resulting texture. Used mainly in outerwear garments, Taslan is a durable and water repellent nylon fabric with a slightly shiny surface.
Teklon – A rugged, stronger Taslan nylon that is water repellent.
Terra-Tek™ – A durable and water repellent Taslan with a matte finish.
Terry Velour – A type of material with uncut loops on both sides. It has a soft, plush feel and is water
Tricot Lining – A very lightweight nylon lining often used in shorts.
Triple-Needle Stitched – See Double-Needle Stitched but with 3 stitches.
Tubular Collar – Collar which is knit in a tube form so it has no seams.
Tuck-In Tails – A shirt constructed so the back hem is longer than the front. This aids in keeping the shirt tucked-in during strenuous activities.
Twill – A fabric characterized by micro diagonal ribs producing a soft, smooth finish.
Twill Tape Placket Lining – Twill tape is attached to the inside of the placket for a fashion effect.
Underarm Grommets – Small holes in the armpit area to allow breathability and air circulation.
Unstructured – A low profile cap style with a natural low sloping crown. No buckram has been added to
V Patch – A section of material in a V shape that is sewn onto a garment directly under the collarette. Can provide support against stretching the neck opening and is also a style component.
Vents, Front & Back – Allow for breathability and may aid in ease of decoration, allowing the garment to be hoped and embroidered with no show-through on the inside of the garment. Some vents are tacked down and are for fashion purposes only.
Waffle Weave/Knit – A waffle, or square pattern, knit or woven into a garment.
Welt Collar and/or Cuffs – A single ply fabric with a finished edge that is used for collars and cuffs on sport shirts and short sleeve garments.
Wood Tone Buttons – Buttons that simulate a wood appearance.
Yarn Dyed – Yarn that has been dyed prior to the weaving or knitting of the garment.